Different Covenant, Same God

Aug 7, 2019


Today, many believers are throwing out the Old Testament, claiming its teaching is no longer relevant because of Christ’s finished work on the cross. It’s true that “the new covenant is established on better promises” (Heb. 8:6). But what exactly changed after the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ? Did God change? Is He a God of wrath or a God of mercy? The teaching of the Bible in its fullness—from Genesis to Revelation—provides the answer.

Dove with the two Tablets of the Law

God does not change. This simple Truth gives us hope that will last eternally, for it means we can know and trust God.


A common misconception in the church is that the Bible is made up of two separate stories: (1) an Old Testament to discuss Israel’s history, the law, and judgment and (2) a New Testament that covers God’s love, mercy, and grace through Jesus Christ. But the entire Bible is God’s Word to us, communicating His character and revealing His Son—and if we see the Old and New Testaments as contrary rather than complementary, we miss out on the beauty of the fullness of God revealed in His Word. Every portion of Scripture points to God as our Redeemer.

From Genesis to Revelation, God reveals a single story about His wondrous love toward a rebellious people. Despite their infinite offenses against Him, He chooses to redeem them for His glory. And because He is holy, He must deal with sin so that His people can remain in communion with Him. It’s why He instituted the law. It’s why He sent deliverers to warn His people of the coming judgment. It’s why He allowed the Israelites to endure the consequences of their sin. And it’s why He sent His Son Jesus to fulfill the law, die in our place, and reconcile us to Himself.

While we traditionally think of the Old Testament God as one of judgment and wrath, He is equally loving and tender. When we look at isolated events in Scripture, such as the flood or the annihilation of Sodom and Gomorrah, we may feel a sense of doubt about God’s compassion. But what if He had allowed unbridled sin to grow? Could it be that these judgments were in reality acts of mercy—sparing the human race from itself? God’s wrath is just, and His choice to patiently withhold it in its full measure throughout the Old Testament testifies to the depths of His merciful love. Conversely, those who see the New Testament as divulging only God’s love and grace overlook God’s wrathful acts and Jesus’ harsh words and warnings in the New Testament (Acts 5:1-11Matt. 11:20-24).

In reality, throughout Scripture, the all-wise God holds these two attributes—His wrath and His love—in perfect balance. In the Old Testament, God exerts fatherly patience and compassion toward mankind (Hos. 11:4Jer. 31:3Isa. 54:10). And in the New, He pours out His burning wrath toward sin on Jesus Christ to provide atonement for a wayward people—while also promising a Judgment Day to come when those who reject His gift of grace will be held accountable (Rev. 20:11-15).


God does not change. This simple Truth gives us hope that will last eternally, for it means we can know and trust God. His Word testifies to this Truth again and again. He is unchangeable in His person—in all His attributes: “I the Lord do not change. So you, the descendants of Jacob, are not destroyed” (Mal. 3:6). He is unchangeable in His plan for redemption: “Because God wanted to make the unchanging nature of his purpose very clear to the heirs of what was promised, he confirmed it with an oath” (Heb. 6:17). He is always faithful and loving, and what He promises perfectly comes to pass for His glory and the good of all creation. For in Him “there is no variation or shadow due to change” (Jas. 1:16, ESV; see also Num. 23:19Ps. 102:24-27111:5-9; et al.). As preacher and author A. W. Tozer put it, “There will never be a change in God—no change is necessary!”


The New Testament completes the Old Testament as, in the fullness of time, according to His plan declared in the beginning (Gen. 3:15), God Himself becomes man, Jesus the Savior appears, and suddenly God, who lives in unapproachable light, is made approachable. But it isn’t just His appearance in the flesh; it’s the fact that through His blood shed on the cross, Jesus brings peace with God to everyone who calls on His name.

The Old Testament makes plain our need for salvation, for God provided the law to guide Israel in righteousness. But as Paul explains, the law was powerless to save us or take away our sins; we could never measure up on our own (Rom. 7:9-13). So, “what the law was powerless to do . . . God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh to be a sin offering” (Rom. 8:3). Jesus, the hope of all nations, fulfilled the covenant God made with Abraham to make him a great nation and to bless all nations through him (Gen. 12:3-4). Thus, the New Testament is the fulfillment of the old covenant and the establishment of a new covenant—God’s promise to save those who trust in and follow His Son.


We must be wary of any attempt to pit the God of the New Testament against the God of the Old Testament, for there is but one God—the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Knowing we serve the same God as Adam and Eve, Abraham, David, Peter, and Paul should cause overwhelming joy in our hearts. We can count on our Lord to always be Himself. When God told Moses in Exodus 3:14, “I ᴀᴍ ᴡʜᴏ I ᴀᴍ,” He meant it. The Lord is telling you and me that His character doesn’t change; He isn’t moody, wishy-washy, capricious, or indecisive. He is just, loving, wise, present, slow to anger, merciful, gracious, and pure. His purposes are eternal and cannot be thwarted, and we can be confident His plans will never fail.

If we are to understand God’s whole plan of redemption from Genesis to Revelation, we must seek to understand His whole character and submit ourselves to His whole counsel. If ever in doubt, we must turn to His Word—for as Deuteronomy 7:9reminds us, “[T]he Lord your God is God; he is the faithful God, keeping his covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love him and keep his commandments.”

Learn 4 reasons why you can trust the Bible — and discover the incredible history of how it was formed, see a detailed comparison of the Bible to other religious texts, and get a glimpse of 38 specific prophecies fulfilled in Christ.

VIDEO Whatever, Whenever, Wherever, A Life of Integrity


When Nick Vujicic was born in 1982, his parents were shocked to discover he was born without arms and legs. His mother, a nurse, took care of herself throughout the pregnancy, and the doctors never mentioned their baby was missing his limbs. His parents were Christians, and after working through the change in their expectations of what life with their first child would be like, they “moved forward by deciding to trust in God’s Word that ‘all things work for the good of those who love God, who are called according to His purpose.’”His parents concluded that God had a plan for Nick and would reveal it to him one day.

Although his parents trusted God with his future, Nick struggled to accept his disability. He often came home from school in tears, and at the age of ten he attempted suicide. In his teen years, he accepted Christ as his Savior. To build friendships, Nick began seeking out conversations with classmates, which helped them see who he really was and accept him. These informal conversations led to him sharing in youth groups in his late teens, and since then, he has shared his story with millions of people around the world. But he doesn’t just share how God has helped him thrive in spite of his disability, the main goal of his organization, Life Without Limbs, is to share the Gospel with as many people as possible. Nick has realized that his story has given him a platform to share Christ with people and to live out God’s plan for him.

Nick’s disability is outside of his control—a circumstance he cannot change. However, he learned to say, “[God] created me for purposes that I never could have envisioned as a child. He uses me in ways that continue to surprise and amaze me each and every day.”Instead of wallowing in self-pity about what he can’t do, Nick uses the talents and abilities God has given him to serve and glorify Him. Nick knows God has been and will be with him throughout his life, whether he is speaking to an audience of thousands or battling depression like he did as a child.

Nick’s story challenges us to face our own difficult circumstances with faith and to trust God is with us during each step of the journey. In the same way, we will be challenged as we begin studying the story of a man named Joseph in this month’s Turning Points (and finish his story next month). His story is one of someone who overcame great obstacles, who knew God was with him, and who was ultimately used by God to save his family from death.

Just a quick overview: Joseph’s life came within an inch of being extinguished by his jealous brothers. Instead of killing him, they sold him into slavery in Egypt. He was given a position as the steward of an Egyptian official but was thrown into prison when falsely accused of attacking the official’s wife. He languished in prison for two years, then gained Pharaoh’s favor by interpreting the ruler’s dreams. From there Joseph became Pharaoh’s right-hand man, managing all the affairs of the nation. To top it off, Joseph saved the life of his starving family—the brothers who had almost murdered him—when they came to Egypt seeking food.

What a story! Joseph’s saga was part of Israel’s legacy and lore, repeated annually at her celebrations (Psalm 105:16-22). Joseph is an example of God’s faithfulness to His people.

But here’s what I want you to take with you as we study Joseph this month: God was with him during his troubles and triumphs. When Joseph was sold into slavery, “The Lord was with Joseph, and he was a successful man” (Genesis 39:2). When Joseph was in prison, “The Lord was with Joseph and showed him mercy, and He gave him favor” (Genesis 39:21).

God was with Joseph every step of his way. And God is with you and me every step of our way. That doesn’t mean our lives will be perfect. But it means God is there for you: whatever the issue, whenever you have a need, and wherever you are.

1Nick Vujicic, Life Without Limits (Colorado Springs: Waterbrook Press, 2012), 8.

2Nick Vujicic, Unstoppable (Colorado Springs: Waterbrook Press, 2012), 3.


David Jeremiah — A Life of Integrity


Wisconsin Bill Assaults Confessional Seal


Aug 9, 2019 By Bill Donohue


Confessional Booth (Photo by Thierry Monasse/Getty Images)

A bill to bust the seal of the confessional will soon be introduced by three Democratic lawmakers from Wisconsin: Sen. Lena Taylor, Rep. Chris Taylor and Rep. Melissa Sargent. The clergy in Wisconsin are already mandated reporters of sexual abuse; this bill would remove the exemption afforded the confessional.

The sponsors of the bill have provided no evidence that this bill would remedy anything. Indeed, they cannot cite one case of sexual abuse that would have been reported to the authorities had the religious exemption for the confessional not existed.

This bill is a monumental flop. Not only does it not solve anything, it will  not convince a single priest to subject himself to excommunication for violating his vows. Moreover, a lawsuit will immediately be filed challenging this violation of the First Amendment by state officials.

The government has no business policing the sacraments of the Catholic Church. This is nothing but grandstanding by politicians pretending to be champions of the victims of sexual abuse.

Why don’t these brave lawmakers go after the lawyer-client privilege? Don’t attorneys learn of instances of the sexual abuse of minors? Why not target psychologists and psychiatrists as well? They hear about cases of sexual abuse, yet they are forbidden to violate their professional commitment to their patients.

Why are Catholic priests being singled out? This is religious profiling. Indeed, the bill is manifestly anti-Catholic.

We are contacting every member of the Wisconsin legislature today about this bill. The state needs to back off and keep its hands out of the internal affairs of the Catholic Church or any other religion. We see this as a national issue, one that has grave implications for religious liberty throughout the country.

Bill Donohue is President and CEO of the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights, the nation’s largest Catholic civil rights organization. He was awarded his Ph.D. in sociology from New York University and is the author of eight books and many articles.


Business Is Ministry

by Jason Benham | July 9th, 2019

In 2003 we found ourselves out of jobs with no idea which direction God wanted us to go.  As we prayed we began to feel more and more pulled into “ministry,” or at least what we thought was ministry.  So we did what anyone else would do in that situation – we created a website and wrote a support letter, and Benham Brothers Ministries was started.

But it never got off the ground.  Before we could send the first support letter we felt inclined by God to work for ourselves and not rely on donations from others.  Since we both had our real estate licences we joined a local real estate company and started selling houses.  We also did odd jobs to pay the bills that first year–that was a rough season of our lives.

By God’s grace that little business grew, and grew, and grew to a point where we had 100 offices in 35 states.  All-the-while we felt guilty that we had chosen business over ministry.  We thought our role had morphed from ministers to businessmen and that our job was to now support the professionals who ministered every day.

But then one day as I (Jason) was standing with my Bible open in front of a room filled with our franchisees from all over the nation, I heard God whisper to my spirit, “Who told you that you weren’t in ministry?”

As I pondered that question I began to realize that what defines the minister is not where he’s placed or how he’s paid.  A minister is defined by passion, not position.  When the presence of God is in your life then WHATEVER you do for the glory of the Lord is your ministry.

From that day forward we saw our business as our ministry and recognized our identities as ministers of the gospel.  The guilt we once felt was replaced by gratitude as we have continued to open other businesses since.

The devil knows that how you see yourself determines how you conduct yourself.  So if he can convince you that you’re just an insurance broker or a school teacher or a plumber or a stay-at-home mom and not a minister then you won’t act like you’re in the ministry.  Don’t believe the lie.

Your pastor’s job is to equip you for your work as a minister in the “ministry.”  (Ephesians 4:12)  When you have eyes to see your work like this everything will change.

Original here

Are You A Bully Or Bystander For Christ

by Benham Brothers | March 24th, 2019

When we were kids, our dad used to say, “Boys, we are called to walk the narrow road for Christ – and that means there are ditches on both sides.” He learned this lesson well over the years.

So for followers of Christ today, if we are going to get in the game and be a bridge for the Lord, then we’ve got to walk the narrow way that leads to life – not just for our own sake, but for others’ as well.

One thing we’ve found through the years is the way for us to stay on the narrow path is to walk in love. But the ditches of anger and fear are always one step away on either side – especially in today’s polarized and often paralyzed culture.

We’ve discovered that boldness apart from brokenness leads to anger. Yet brokenness apart from boldness leads to fear. To faithfully be a bridge today requires both boldness and brokenness – to have one without the other lands us in a ditch off the path of the narrow way, rendering us ineffective for God.

If we are bold for God’s truth but not broken over our sin, we’ll operate out of a spirit of anger. This makes us bullies, which leaves others disconnected from God – because the truth we’re speaking can’t get past the angry look on our faces.

Boldness apart from brokenness makes a bully. This is what anger produces.

If we’re broken over our sin but not bold for God’s truth, we’ll operate out of a spirit of fear. This makes us bystanders, which also leaves people disconnected from God – because we’re too afraid to share the truth that can set them free.

Brokenness apart from boldness makes a bystander. This is what fear produces.

But if we’re both bold and broken we’ll operate out of a spirit of love. This is what gives us the power to faithfully stand in the gap in today’s culture and bring divine connection to divinely disconnected people.

Boldness and brokenness make us a bridge connecting Heaven to earth for those around us. This is what love produces.

We see this balance played out in the life of Peter, a man who fell into the ditch on both sides of the narrow road but finally found his way back onto the path and was used powerfully by God.

Think of ol’ Pete in the Garden on the night Jesus was betrayed. When he was awakened and saw the mob coming to take Jesus how did he engage?

He boldly grabbed his sword and cut off a man’s ear.

Not good – he was a bully.

But then we see him following Jesus at a distance into the city. His boldness was out the window. And when a young girl claimed he had been with Jesus he denied it three times.

Not good either – he was a bystander.

But thankfully, Jesus didn’t leave him in either ditch but, rather, restored him. And on the day of Pentecost it was Peter who boldly stood to his feet and proclaimed the message of the Gospel to the thousands gathered in Jerusalem, knowing full well it could cost him dearly.

And he did it with a heart full of love for the Savior he had failed but Who forgave him, set him back on his feet, and enlisted him in His kingdom-building effort here on earth.

That day, heaven touched earth for over three thousand people.

This was Peter, the bridge. He was both bold and broken. Operating out of a spirit of love, he was ready to stand. When the crowd showed up, he didn’t run after them or run from them; he stood for them.

This is what walking the narrow road for Christ looks like today. He wants to use us, but we must be both bold and broken to be useful.


Original here

‘Dear God, are you there?’ A response

Craige McMillan pens note addressing philosopher’s question

Dear George Yancy,

In response to your question, “Dear God, are you there?” Yes, I’m still here. I have always been here. I am everywhere present. I will always be here. How about you?

Since your entreaty addressed me publicly, I will respond in kind. Here I will address the points I have been able to decipher. I wonder, though, are you by chance a direct descendant of one of those people at the Tower of Babel, where I confused humanity’s language?

From my perspective, George, there are only three people groups on the earth: Jews, Gentiles and Christians. Any other qualifier is an artificial construct designed to turn people against one another. Therefore, I agree with your statement, “We are failing ourselves. We are not asking the right questions; we are failing to use truthful and courageous discourse to describe the suffering from human violence. …”

I wonder, could it be that you are failing yourselves because you do not properly understand that I created men and women as triune beings, with a body, soul and spirit? You must address all three aspects of human beings in your discourse and in their existence. All attempts to treat man as a machine or a computer will fail, and ultimately they will fail catastrophically, which seems to be what you are describing.

You also write, “I’m tempted to say that for Trump and his vast evangelical following enough is never enough. And if this is so, something has gone theologically awry. We have not become more loving as a nation.” Hmm … I guess it escaped me that the killers you are referring to are evangelicals, Catholics, or any of the other Christian brands with which I am familiar. None of the killers were people I knew, or who knew me. Perhaps that was the problem.

The way for America and all nations to become more loving is for the people who dwell in those nations to know me personally. I am patient, kind and loving. I stand ready to remove anger, hatred and despair from the mind and heart of anyone who acknowledges his or her desperate situation and calls upon me for help. I alone can remove those poisonous qualities from his or her life. Human philosophy can never rise above the human condition. I alone transcend the human condition.

Interesting that you should arrive at the same question Ralph Waldo Emerson asked some time back. “Our age is retrospective. It builds the sepulchers of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticisms. The foregoing generations beheld God face to face; we through their eyes. Why should not we also have an original relation to the universe?”

Why not, indeed? You and every other person on earth can have an original relation to Me. The door into that relationship is the life, death and resurrection of my Son, Jesus Christ, which occurred at the Cross. Please don’t ever imagine that We did not suffer to open that door from your hopeless condition to my glorious heaven and earth. We both paid the price for you in our suffering. All you need do to renew your mind and heart is to come. My arms are always open to welcome my children back home, however battered and bruised they may be from this evil world system, which is still run by Satan, your defeated enemy. I should think the world’s values, which give rise to its conditions, would be sufficient evidence of this claim.

Religions are a subtle trap that enslaves the human spirit. Christianity is not immune from this. A personal relationship with the God of the universe is unthinkable to many. And yet, that is exactly what is on offer, George. If it all seems impossible to you, read through the Gospel of John, found in the New Testament. Don’t neglect the supernatural elements of our relationship that John describes. They are the key to a changed life here, a heart to help others and eternity with me. Faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love.

Don’t forget, George. You have a date with destiny. There is something in this world that only you can do for Me. Maybe yours is the voice that’s missing, the one that calms the storms of life for so many. You’ll never know unless you ask.

I am the “something more” that you seek, George.

– with love, God

For more of God direct, read samples at: ReconnaissanceBehind Enemy Lines and Absolution: The Singularity.

Original here

VIDEO Joseph, a Type of Christ, the Robe of Sonship and 12 Tribes

When we collect the details of Joseph’s life we see a glorious reflection that closely mirrors another life we are so intimately familiar with. This is not because Joseph was Jesus’s favorite Bible hero he wanted to emulate. It is because God is sovereign and he has been laying the tracks for the glory of Christ throughout redemptive history.


Also [Jacob] made [Joseph] a tunic of many colors. Genesis 37:3


Along with Noah’s ark, the tower of Babel, the parting of the Red Sea, and other famous stories, Joseph’s “coat of many colors” has attained iconic status. In fact, in the late 1960s, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat—the story of Joseph—was produced and remains one of the most performed musicals on stage.

But the word technicolor betrays what may be an erroneous understanding of Joseph’s famous coat. “Coat of many colours” comes from the King James Version which is based on a hard-to-decipher Hebrew text (Genesis 37:3). In short, no one is quite sure what Joseph’s coat looked like. Rather than “many colours” it may have been an “ornate robe” like that worn by one of David’s daughters (2 Samuel 13:18, NIV). Regardless of its appearance, this much is clear: Joseph’s garment was a sign of generosity and blessing from a father to his son. In the same way, we have been blessed “with every spiritual blessing … in Christ” by God our Father (Ephesians 1:3).

All of God’s children are “heirs with Christ” (Romans 8:17), destined to be clothed with His righteousness for eternity. No earthly garment can compare with the heavenly one.

A true Christian is both a beggar and an heir. Anonymous

The Life of Joseph 01 Genesis 37:1-11 Family Problems


Comparison List of Joseph and Jesus
Joseph Jesus
Joseph was Loved by His Father – Genesis 37:3 God said about Jesus “this is my beloved son” – Matthew 3:17
Joseph’s brothers did not believe him and hated him – Genesis 37:4-5 The Jews Did Not Believe in Christ – John 7:5 and they hated him – John 15:24
Joseph’s brothers rejected his right to rule – Genesis 37:8 The Jewish leaders said “we will not have this man to rule over us” Luke 19:14
Joseph’s brothers conspired against him – Genesis 37:23 They took counsel against Jesus Matthew 27:1
They stripped Joseph of his garments –  Genesis 37:23 They stripped Jesus –  Matthew 27:28
Joseph was sold for silver – Genesis 37:28 Jesus was sold for silver –  Matthew 26:15
Everything Joseph put his hand to prospered –  Genesis 39:3 “… And the pleasure of the Lord prospered in his hand” – Isaiah 53:10
All things were laid into Joseph’s trust –  Genesis 39:4-8 God hath given all things into his hand – John 3:35
Joseph’s own brothers did not recognize him. The Jews did not recognize their Messiah
Joseph was tempted and did not sin –  Genesis 39:9 Jesus was tempted in all things yet was without sin – Hebrews 4:15
Joseph was bound – Genesis 39:30 Jesus was bound – Matthew 27:2
Joseph was condemned with two criminals – Genesis 40:2, 3 Jesus was crucified with two criminals – Luke 23:32
One criminal was given life and the other was condemned – Genesis 40:21-22) Jesus told one of the criminals “Today you shall be with me in paradise” – Luke 23:43
Joseph was trustworthy and wise –  Genesis 41:39 God said about Jesus “this is my beloved son in whom I well pleased” – Mark 1:11
Joseph’s brothers bowed their knee to him – Genesis 41:43 “At the name of Jesus every knee will bow” – Philippians 2:10
Joseph was 30 years old – Genesis 41:46 Jesus was “about 30 years old” – Luke 3:25
God planned the suffering of Joseph in advance to save many – Genesis 50:21 Jesus said “God so loved the world that he sent his only begotten son that whosoever believes in him shall be saved” – John 3:16
Joseph was made ruler over all of Egypt – Genesis 41:42-44 Jesus said “all power has been given unto me” – 8:18
Joseph married a foreign bride who shared his glory – Genesis 41:45 Believers in Christ are “joint heirs” with him in his glory – Romans 8:17
Joseph was cast into a pit and then later delivered out of it – Genesis 37:24, 28 When Jesus died he descended into the lower parts of the earth, and later ascended into heaven – Ephesians 4:9
Joseph was imprisoned based on false charges – Genesis 39:19, 20 During the trial of Jesus false witnesses were brought in testifying against him – Mark 14:56
Joseph’s brothers later repented for what they did to him – Genesis 42:7 “and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn” – Zechariah 12:10

John 18:14 – Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.


Click here for Full quotations

  List of 75 Joseph/Christ Shadows and Antitypes
Gen 30-50; Acts 7:9-19; Heb 11:21-22
# “Shadow of what was to come, but the substance belongs to Christ” Col 2:17 Joseph Christ
1. Miraculous birth Jacob was 90 years old, Rachel was barren, Mary was a virgin Gen 30:22-24; 37:3 Mt 1:18; Lk 1:31-33
2. Spoke truth in exposing sinful behavior of others knowing he would be hated and ostracized. Gen 37:2 Mt 15:12; 23:1f; Lk 20:19; Mt 14:4
3. Both were shepherds Gen 37:2 John 10:11
4. Beloved sons of wealthy fathers Gen 37:3 Mt 3:17
5. Hated by his brothers without a cause Gen 37:4,8 Jn 7:5; 15:25; Mk 3:21
6. Hated for telling the truth and prophesying Gen 37:5 John 8:40; 7:7; 3:32
7. Foretold of future exalted position as king Gen 37:5-8 Mt 24:30-31; 26:64
8. Destined to become kings from birth Gen 37:8 John 18:37
9. Both parents “treasured in their hearts” the news that their children would be a future king. Gen 37:11 Lk 2:20, 2:19
10. Persecuted out of jealousy Gen 37:11; Acts 7:9 Mt 27:18; Mk 15:10
11. Willingly went at father’s request and authority Gen 37:13 Jn 8:42
12. Lived with father before sent on divine mission Gen 37:14 Jn 17:5
13. Ridiculed for being a king Gen 37:19 Lk 22:63-65
14. Plotted against by his own brethren Gen 37:20 Mt 26:4,15; John 11:53
15. Said to Joseph: “Then let us see what will become of his dreams”. Said of Jesus: “HE TRUSTS IN GOD; LET GOD RESCUEHim now, IF HE DELIGHTS IN HIM; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God” Gen 37:20 Mt 27:43
16. Suffered bitterly at hands of brethren Psalm 105:17-18 Heb 12:2
17. Stripped of his robe Gen 37:23 Jn 19:23-24
18. Judah offered to sell Joseph for 20 pieces of silver. Judah in Greek is Judas who sold Jesus for 30 pieces of silver. Gen 37:26-28 Mt 1:2-3
19. Sold for slave price in pieces of silver (20p in 1900 BC, 30p in 33 AD, inflation) Through archeology, we know the price of one slave increased through inflation. Gen 37:28

Zech 11:13

Mt 26:14-16
20. Leaders attempted to rescue him from hands of brethren: Reuben was eldest; Pilate Gen 37:21 Mt 27:24; John 19:12
21. Two lesser punishments suggested than death: pit/sold + prisoner swap/scourge Gen 37:22,27 John 18:39; 19:1; Mt 12:40
22. Joseph pleaded for his life but Jesus was silent Gen 42:21 Is 53:7; Acts 8:32; Mt 26:39-42; Lk 22:41-44
23. Two leaders acted as judges: Reuben/Judah + Pilate/Herod Antipas Gen 37:21,26 Luke 23:1,8
24. Leaders finally gave in to peer pressure and went along with plot Gen 37:31 Mark 15:15
25. Goat blood was sprinkled on Joseph’s coat. Jesus, our scapegoat/Passover goat/lamb, had his own blood sprinkled on his own coat. Passover animal could be goat: Ex 12:5. Scapegoat: Leviticus 16:8 Gen 37:31 Scourging caused bleeding. 1 Cor 5:7;
26. False story of his death told and deceived many for a long time, animal/blood on coat. Disciples stole body Gen 37:31-33 Mt 28:13-15
27. Taken to Egypt as youth after escaping death (Herod the great) Gen 37:28 Matthew 2:14
28. Became a servant Gen. 39:1-2 Mt 20:28; Phil 2:7
29. Tempted without sin Gen 39:6-20 Mt 4:1-11
30. Falsely Accused Gen 39:14 Mt 26:59-62
31. Unlike many other Bible characters, no sin of Joseph is recorded. Jesus was truly sinless. silent Isa 53:9; 1 Pet 2:22; 2 Cor 5:21
32. Suffered for another’s sin (false accusation) Gen 39:20 1 Pe 1:21-24
33. Confined in jail/custody, thrown into a pit literally a well, pit; Gen 37:24 Gen 40:15 Mt 27:2; John 18:12
34. Inspired by the Holy Spirit Gen 40:8; 41:38 Lk 4:18
35. Sentenced with 2 criminals, one saved, one lost Gen 40:1-3 Lk 23:32-33
36. Cup bearer release from prison after 3 days: jail/grave Gen 40:13 1 Cor 15:3-4
37. The baker was lifted up on a tree: crucifixion

***3 days +Tree/ Tree + 3 days***

Gen 40:19 Gal 3:13; Acts 5:30 lit. wood
38. “Green years” followed by “Dry years” Gen 41:29–30 Luke 23:31
39. Put “over the house” Joseph, Moses, Solomon, Christ Gen 41:40 Acts 7:47; Heb 3:2-6
40. Both exalted after suffering Gen 41:41 Luke 24:26; Phil 2:9-11
41. All will pay homage and every knee will bow Gen 41:40-43 Phil 2:10; Heb 1:6
42. Both given all power and authority, save one: Pharaoh/God Gen 41:42-44 Mt 28:18
43. Both wore royal robes and dressed as a king, Jacob wore pharaoh’s royal robe with necklace. Jesus wore purple robe while being mocked with crown of thorns. Gen 41:42 Mark 15:17–18
44. Joseph given seal ring for 7 abundance years before 7 years of famine and death. Jesus broke 7 seals that caused famine and death. Gen 41:42 Rev 6:1
45. Both had priestly connections: Joseph married Asenath whose father was a priest of On.  Christ = Melchizedek Gen 41:45,50 Heb 5:10
46. Began “ministry” at 30 years old Gen 41:46 Lk 3:23
47. Brothers stared at each other and went to get food Gen 42:1–3 John 21:2–3
48. All must go to him for bread Gen 41:55-57; 42:6 Jn 6:35
49. Unrecognized by his own Gen 42:8 Jn 1:11; 31-33; Luke 24:16; 20:14; 21:4
50. Tested his brethren for worthiness Gen 42:15 1 Peter 1:7
51. 10 brothers condemned to prison and released after 3 days. Jesus condemned and rose from dead after three days. Gen 42:17–18 Acts 10:40-41
52. Betrayers felt remorse. Joseph’s 10 brothers/Judas Gen 42:21 Mt 27:3
53. Accusers, betrayers held responsible for shed blood Gen 42:22 Mt 27:25
54. Both wept for the wicked Gen 45:2 Luke 19:41
55. Identified the primary betrayer: Simeon/Judas Gen 49:5-7
Ancient Jewish Targum identified Simeon as primary ringleader to kill Joseph. “And Simeon and Levi, who were brothers in counsel, said each man to his brother, Behold, this master of dreams cometh. And now come let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits and say that an evil beast bath devoured him; arid we shall see what will be the interpretation of his dreams.” (Jewish Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan Ben Uzziel On the Pentateuch, J. W. Etheridge, Gen 37:19, 1892 AD). Jesus gave bread to Judas to identify him as the betrayer.
Gen 42:24 John 13:25-26
56. Righteous judgement: Joseph spared innocent (Reuben-oldest) for the guilty Simeon (next oldest) who spent several years in jail until the brothers returned. Jesus is our perfect judge who can separate the sheep from the goats. Simeon got the worst land in the Negev and was absorbed into Judah and Levi got no land at all. Gen 42:24 Mt 25:31–32; John 5:22-23, 27
57. Amazing grace given to wicked: Joseph returned his brother’s food money, Jesus’ Grace to us. Gen 42:27-28 Romans 5:6–11
58. Breaking bread and foot washing together Gen 43:24-25, 34 John 13:5
59. Astonishment at Joseph/Jesus Gen 43:33 Mark 11:18
60. Innocent suffers outside city: Benjamin was arrested outside the city/Jesus crucified outside Jerusalem. Gen 44:4 Hebrews 13:12
61. Substitutionary atonement: innocent Benjamin for wicked brothers. Jesus for sinners. Gen 44:16-17 Isa 53:5-6; 1 Cor 5:21
62. Innocent torn in pieces: Joseph-animal/Christ-scourging Gen 44:28 Mark 15:15
63. Both forgave those who wronged them Gen 45:4, 14-15 Luke 23:34
64. Became saviour of the people Gen 45:5; 47:25 Mt 1:21; 1 Jn 4:14
65. Joseph/Christ suffered according to predetermined plan of God Gen 45:5–7 Acts 2:23; 3:18; Eph 3:11
66. Self-anger and sorrow at hurting Joseph/Jesus Gen 45:5 Acts 2:36–38
67. First news that Joseph/Jesus were alive was not believed. Jacob  would not believe Joseph was alive. The male disciples would not believe Mary when she reported Jesus alive. Gen 45:26 Lk 24:10–11; Mk 16:9-12
68. Fearful hearts brought to peace: Joseph/Jesus Gen 50:2; 43:23 John 20:19
69. Substitutionary atonement: Innocent Joseph/Christ suffered for guilty brethren. Gen 50:17-18 Isa 53
70. Evil turned into blessing Gen 50:20 1 Pe 2:24
71. Turned intentional harm into good Gen 50:20-21
72. Comforted those who betrayed him and felt guilt. Disciples were comforted of guilt of abandoning Jesus at the cross Except John, who was the only one who was at the trials and the foot of the cross. Gen 50:21 Jn 20:19
73. After Joseph/Christ became king both began summing up of all things, making pharaoh/God all in all. Gen 47:13-20 Eph 1:10; Col 1:17-20
74. Hebrews under Joseph and Christians under Christ were exempt from losing their blessings, but enjoyed “all physical/spiritual blessings” while the rest suffered. Gen 47:27 Eph 1:3; Rev 12:5-6

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The Old Testament contains various “types” of Christ – people who reflected what the Messiah would be like, but I think the one person who foreshadowed Jesus the most was Joseph, the son of Jacob. Here is a list of similarities I’ve found:

Similarities Joseph Jesus
Both are first-born. Genesis 30:22-24(of Rachel) Matthew 1:25 (of Mary)
Both are shepherds. Genesis 37:2 Matthew 2:2626:31
John 10:11
Both are the most loved of their fathers. Genesis 37:3 Matthew 3:1712:18
Both were prophecied to be rulers. Genesis 37:5-11 Daniel 7:13-14
Micah 4:7,5:2
Psalm 2
Both Joseph’s and Jesus’ brothers were jealous of them, and did not believe them. Genesis 37:4-511 John 7:3-515:18-19
The prophecies that Joseph would rule his brothers (the tribes of Israel), and Jesus would rule the whole world, including Israel. Genesis 37:6-11 Daniel 7:13-14
Psalm 2:1-12
Joseph was sent by his father to his brothers. Jesus was sent by His Father to Israel. Genesis 37:13,18-20 Matthew 21:37-38Mark 12:6-7Luke 20:13-15John 5:23
Both were stripped of their coat. Genesis 37:23 John 19:23
The coat was dipped in blood. Genesis 37:31 Revelation 19:13
Both were sold by one of the 12 named Judah (Greek ‘Judas’). Genesis 37:26-27 Matthew 26:1527:9
Joseph was apparently put to death, and Jesus truly, by their own people to get them out of the way. Genesis 37:18-28 Acts 2:22-23
Reuben wanted to rescue Joseph. Pilate wanted to rescue Jesus. Genesis 37:21-22 Matthew 27:24
Joseph was sold as a slave to Egypt. Jesus was betrayed for the price of a slave. Genesis 37:26-28 Matthew 26:15Exodus 21:32Zechariah 11:12-13
Both went to Egypt. Genesis 37:28 Matthew 2:13-15
Both were made slaves. Genesis 39:1 Philippians 2:7
Both were falsely accused… Genesis 39:11-20 Matthew 26:59-61
…and punished. Genesis 39:20 Matthew 27:35
Yahweh was with them both. Genesis 39:3,21,23
Acts 7:9
Acts 10:38
Luke 2:52
John 1:1-23:2
Both were with two others condemned to die, one of which was pardoned and given life. Genesis 40:1-3,20-22 Luke 23:32,39-43
God’s Spirit indwelt them both. Genesis 41:38 Luke 4:1
Acts 10:38
The king of Egypt exalted Joseph out of slavery to be ruler over all to bring all under the king’s rule. Jesus is exalted out of slavery to bring all under God’s rule. Genesis 41:40-44 Acts 2:32-33
1 Corinthians 15:27-28
Philippians 2:5-11
All knees bowed to Joseph. All knees will bow to Jesus. Genesis 41:43 Philippians 2:10
Both were given a name meaning Savior. Genesis 41:45(“Savior of the World” or “Sustainer of Life”) Matthew 1:21(“Yahweh is Salvation”)
Both were given a gentile bride by the King. Genesis 41:45 2 Corinthians 11:2
Troubled times come during their rule. 7 years of “tribulation”. Genesis 41:54-55 Mark 13:8
Jeremiah 30:7
The king of Egypt appointed Joseph to be the sole source of life for all. God appointed Jesus to be our sole source of eternal life. Genesis 41:55-57 Acts 4:12
1 John 5:11-12
Joseph was 30 years old when he started working for Pharoah. Jesus was about 30 years old when He began His ministry. Genesis 41:46 Luke 3:23
Joseph’s brothers did not recognize him. Jesus’ own people didn’t either. Genesis 42:7-8 John 1:10
Trouble for Joseph’s brothers. Trouble for Israel (“Jacob’s trouble”). Genesis 42:21-22,36 Isaiah 40:1-2
Jeremiah 30:7
Joseph was revealed to his brothers at their second coming. Jesus to be revealed to Israel at His second coming. Genesis 45:1-5 Zechariah 12:10
Matthew 24:30-31
Revelation 1:7
Both offer forgiveness to those who sought to destroy them. Genesis 45:550:17-21 Luke 23:34Acts 5:31
The evil Joseph’s brothers intended God meant for good to save them. The same is true of the evil Jesus’ own people intended to him… Genesis 45:5-8
Genesis 50:20
Acts 3:12-18
…therefore they are forgiven. Genesis 45:5,10-15 Luke 23:34
Joseph’s brothers shared Pharaoh’s favor because of Joseph, not themselves. We share God’s favor because of Jesus, not because we are worthy. Genesis 45:16-20 Ephesians 2:4-8
Philippians 4:19
Both are to bring all under rule of the King. Genesis 47:19-20 Ephesians 1:10-12
Both are Savior Genesis 47:25 Acts 13:23
Joseph’s sons (Manasseh and Ephriam) come through his gentile wife and are given full tribe status. Gentiles who believe are considered full members of God’s people. Genesis 48:5,9 Hebrews 2:13(Isaiah 8:18)
Acts 28:28
While only Jesus was truly sinless, Joseph is one of the few people significantly written about in the Bible of which no sins are mentioned.


The 12 Tribes of Israel

Genesis 49:1-2 – And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days. Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken unto Israel your father.

List of the 12 Tribes of Israel in the Old Testament
12 Tribes Mother Jacob’s Blessing and Notes
Rueben Leah Although Rueben was Jacob’s firstborn son, he lost his privileges and the tribe was given over to obscurity. Rueben was rash and was guilty of committing adultery with Bilhah, his father’s concubine and his brother’s mother.
Simeon Leah Simeon was to be scattered in Israel, and later became one of the weakest of the tribes. They were mainly absorbed by Judah and lost their identity there.
Levi Leah Levi would be divided from the tribes of Israel. Simeon and Levi were guilty of murdering the men of Shechem, and were therefore reprimanded by Jacob. The Levites were destined to be the priestly tribe who would not receive a tribal inheritance.
Judah Leah Judah was to increase in strength until Shiloh (the Messiah of peace). The right to rule (septre) would not depart from Judah. David descended from Judah. Jesus would descend from the line of David and he was called “the lion of tribe of Judah”. Judah’s name means praise.
Dan Bilhah Although Dan was given a small inheritance they would become a leading tribe, shrewd and clever, though they would be predators.
Naphtali Bilhah They would be free and prosperous, and later they were privileged that the Messiah would begin his ministry in their region and the light would dawn.
Gad Zilpah Gad was to be a victim of invaders but they would ultimately triumph. Their inheritance was east of the Jordan and subject to plunderers.
Asher Zilpah The tribe of Asher would enjoy prosperity and the blessings of God.
Issachar Leah Patient and capable as a worker of agriculture doing peaceful things.
Zebulun Leah They would settle in the coastal regions and trade. They were also privileged that the Messiah would minister in their region when He came.
Joseph Rachel Joseph would be numerous and blessed above the others and receive spiritual prosperity. God work it out that Joseph two sons Ephraim and Manasseh would partake of his inheritance and represent him among the tribes.
Benjamin Rachel Benjamin would be adventurous and warlike gaining the spoils of war. The first king of Israel, Saul, and also Saul of Tarsus (Paul the Apostle) were among those who descended from this tribe.

Jacob’s blessings on the 12 tribes reflects a remarkable history of the tribes. Genesis 49

Genesis 49:10 – The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.