William Wilberforce Antislavery politician

William Wilberforce

William Wilberforce was an English politician who became the voice of the abolition movement in Parliament. He was a slightly built man, about five foot three in height, and suffered from bouts of bad health.

He was born in Hull, into a rich merchant family. As a child, whilst living with his uncle in London, he was taken to hear John Newton preach. It made a great impression on him but he returned home and soon became part of fashionable society, attending the theatre and races, where he watched his own horse run.

He enrolled at Cambridge University and became friends with William Pitt. At the age of 21, Wilberforce was elected to Parliament.  He was well suited to politics, as he was an extremely eloquent speaker and very witty. In 1783, he met James Ramsay and, for the first time, discussed slavery. Around 1784-86, he underwent a gradual but ‘intense religious conversion’ whilst travelling with a friend. He considered leaving Parliament but his friend and mentor, John Newton, advised him againt this; so, instead, he decided to serve God in public life.

After his conversion to evangelical Christianity, he gave up his racehorse, gambling and attendance at clubs. Although a serious young man, he was still fun to be with and, despite some of his friends thinking his new found belief was a madness, a childhood friend remarked, “If this be madness, I hope that it will bite us all!”

His new beliefs affected his public life. Before, he had usually voted with Pitt but now he was guided by his conscience. He and his evangelical friends were nicknamed “the Saints” by upper class circles but he won widespread respect. He championed many causes but it was the fight against the Slave Trade and slavery that he worked most tirelessly for. His interest was rekindled by a letter from Sir Charles Middleton, suggesting he should represent the cause in Parliament. William Pitt also encouraged him to take up the cause.

In early 1787, Thomas Clarkson called upon Wilberforce with a copy of his Essay on Slavery. This was the first time the two men had met, and a collaboration was formed which lasted over fifty years. The skills of the two men complemented each other. Wilberforce was able to turn the vague sentiment amongst the more privileged in society, into real opposition and rise above party politics to obtain support from many in Parliament.

From 1789, Wilberforce regularly introduced bills in Parliament to ban the Slave Trade. He was fiercely opposed by those making fortunes from the trade, who used all kinds of delaying tactics. The first time a bill was introduced, Wilberforce lost the debate by 163 votes to 88 but he never gave up. A bill to cease the trade was passed by the House of Commons in 1792 – but with the amendment that the ban should be ‘gradual’, which those with an interest in the trade interpreted as ‘never’.

In his late 30’s, Wilberforce married Barbara Spooner (also an evangelical Christian). He remained devoted to her throughout his life.  Finally on 25th March, 1807, the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act abolished the Slave Trade in the British colonies. It was carried by 267 votes. The house rose to its feet and cheered wildly. (see Letter from Clarkson) 

However, this was not a vote to abolish slavery as a whole throughout the Empire, just the trade in enslaved people. William Wilberforce continued to work for the abolition of all slavery within the British Colonies. He joined the ‘Society for Gradual Abolition’ and, when the campaign intensified again in the 1820’s and 30′, he did as much as his failing health would allow. In 1821 he requested that Thomas Fowell Buxton take over the leadership of the campaign in the Commons and resigned his parliamentary seat in 1824, after a serious illness. By May, 1830, when two thousand people met in London at Freemasons’ Hall, Wilberforce was stooped with age and wearing a metal girdle to prevent him slumping.

Despite the groundswell of public opinion, Parliament still refused to ban slavery, until parliamentary reform removed many of its supporters. Despite this, it was still not clear that Parliament would act. Wilberforce wrote a last petition. The Parliamentary debate lasted three months. On the 26th July, 1833, the Abolition of Slavery bill passed its third reading in the House of Commons. A messenger rushed to Wilberforce’s house. They told him that slavery in British colonies would finally be abolished. Just three days later, on 29th July, William Wilberforce died.

Hear extract  1 from Wilberforce 1789 speech to the house
Hear extract  2 from Wilberforce 1789 speech to the house
Hear extract  3 from Wilberforce 1789 speech to the house

VIDEO The Rest of the Story: The Life of Louis Zamperini After ‘Unbroken’

The story of Louis Zamperini captured the attention of Americans in the 1940’s and again in recent years thanks to the biography by Laura Hillenbrand Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption and the hit movie Unbroken.

Those familiar with either the movie or the book will recall that after his days as a troubled youth Louis took up running and became a star athlete. Louis went on to compete in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin. After WW2 broke out, he became a bombardier on a B-24 bomber.

Louis and his fellow crewmen cheated death multiple times, but none more harrowing than after his plane went down in the Pacific Ocean. While most died in the crash, Zamperini and another airman survived a total of 47 days adrift in the ocean on a life raft (a third survived the crash but died at sea).

Mutsuhiro_Watanabe

Sergeant Mutsuhiro Watanabe abused prisoners at POW camps in Omori, Naoetsu and Mitsushima.

After being rescued from the water by enemy forces, both men became prisoners of war and were eventually sent to Japanese POW camps.

Louis endured constant brutality at the hands of a man the prisoners referred to as The Bird. His real name was Mutsuhiro Watanabe, and he was by all accounts a sadistically cruel and abusive Japanese soldier who terrorized the prisoners. He especially had it out for the Olympic athlete, whom he had regarded as his ‘number one prisoner.’ As such, Louis experienced even worse treatment than the other prisoners.

Watanabe was so notorious in his abusiveness, he was listed as number 23 on General MacArthur’s list of the 40 most wanted war criminals in Japan after the war. However, after years of hiding from the authorities (and being thought to have killed himself) he would never face trial for his actions. He died in 2003.

The movie Unbroken does an excellent job chronicling the trials that Zamperini experienced as a downed airman adrift at sea. It vividly depicts his time in a hellish POW camp. It is an inspiring tale of how with courage and determination he persevered through it all.

But the story doesn’t end there.

A Life Unraveling

Unlike the book, the film does not depict the great struggle that followed Zamperini’s return to the United States after the war ended and his prison camp was liberated.

Louis was now married and was rather famous–he was after all, a renowned athlete who came back to life after being declared dead by the War Department. In his words, “after being declared dead and finding that we’d crashed and survived the 47 day drift and nearly 2,000 miles, you get quite a bit of publicity.” 1

He went on speaking tours and was treated as a war hero. But despite outward appearances, Zamperini’s life was falling apart.

Louis was struggling to cope with his horrific experiences during his two years as a POW. Watanabe was a constant figure in his nightmares. Zamperini found that he was in many ways still under the control and power of The Bird.

Filled with anger, anxiety, and hatred, Zamperini found solace in alcohol and in concocting plans to return to Japan to murder The Bird. This was the only way Louis felt he could finally be free of him.

As he continued to withdraw into depression and alcoholism, he would also lash out unpredictably. Louis was on the verge of losing his family. “I got married, I had a little girl and I continued to drink and continued to party, and my wife refused to go with me,” Louis said. “Pretty soon I found myself fading away, to the point where I realized that I was in serious need of help.” 2

From Brokenness to Redemption

In 1949 Louis Zamperini grudgingly attended a Billy Graham Crusade in Los Angeles at the urging of his wife. It was the first extended Crusade event that Graham ever held, and it was the one which propelled him to become a nationally-known figure.

After the first night he went, Louis was upset and did not want to attend any similar events in the future. He recalled in an interview:

I got under conviction and got mad because of the Scriptures he read, grabbed my wife and said, “Let’s get out of here. Don’t ever bring me back to a place like this again.” But the next day she persuaded me in going back. I said, “Okay, I’ll go under one condition. When this fellow says, ‘Every head bowed and every eye closed,’ I’m getting out.” She said, “Fine.” 3

Louis Zamperini and Billy Graham at the 1949 Los Angeles Crusade where Zamperini made a life-changing decision for Christ

Louis Zamperini and Billy Graham at the 1949 Los Angeles Crusade where Zamperini made a life-changing decision for Christ

However, he was talked into going to hear Graham preach the next night also.

After again hearing of the forgiveness and salvation of Jesus Christ, Louis Zamperini gave his life to the Lord and was saved. This time, salvation was not from shark-infested waters or from the horrors of a POW camp.

In Christ, Zamperini found eternal, life-changing salvation that would save his soul and rescue him from his downward spiral.

The nightmares–which had been so frequent and so intense that Louis came to fear going to bed–stopped.

He poured all his alcohol down the drain the night he was saved.

Louis Zamperini was a new creation in Christ Jesus.

Listen to the message that Billy Graham preached to Louis and thousands of others in Los Angeles:

Newspapers across the country were reporting on the Crusade, and many ran articles on Zamperini’s conversion. When he returned a week later to speak to the crowd, he was quoted as declaring “I have accepted Christ and from now on I am going to be an honest-to-God Christian.” 4

Just as he had promised when he was desperate and adrift at sea, Zamperini dedicated his life to God. “Now, as God leads, I am leaving my business work and planning to work with young people…I’d rather build character–and win boys for Christ–than build a fortune,” Louis said.

He eventually started a camp for troubled youth–the Victory Boys Camp. Here he poured his life into serving God by helping boys and young men who were not unlike himself in his younger years.

Forgiving the Unforgivable

Sugamo Prison

Louis Zamperini at Sugamo Prison in Japan

Amazingly, after his conversion Zamperini’s desire for vengeance left him completely.

Louis forgave his former captors and later met with many of them. He greeted them warmly and shared the Gospel with them and many accepted Christ.

During a speaking tour in Tokyo in 1952, Louis had the opportunity to meet with prisoners at Sugamo prison, which was filled with 850 Japanese war criminals.

After speaking to the prisoners,  Louis had requested to meet with his former guards personally.

“I looked out and saw them coming down the aisle and, of course, I recognized each one of them  vividly. I didn’t even think of my reaction—I jumped off the stage, ran down and threw my arm around them, and they withdrew from me. They couldn’t understand the forgiveness. We went in the room and there, of course, I continued to press the issue of Christianity, you see. And all but one made a decision for Christ.”

One former Japanese soldier wondered how he could forgive these men who treated him so badly. Louis responded,

I said, “Well, Mr. Sasaki, the greatest story of forgiveness the world’s ever known was the Cross. When Christ was crucified He said, ‘Forgive them Father, they know not what they do.’ And I said, ‘It is only through the Cross that I can come back here and say this, but I do forgive you.” Then he responded to the invitation to become a Christian. 5

This is a tremendously powerful image of loving your enemies and forgiving others as we have been forgiven in Christ.

Louis even attempted to meet with Watanabe when he returned to Japan as part of the Olympic ceremonies in 1998. His former tormentor refused. Instead, Louis sent him a letter which expressed his forgiveness.

Here are the words that he wrote to The Bird, the man that tortured and dehumanized him as a POW for so many months:

To Mutsuhiro Watanabe,

As a result of my prisoner war experience under your unwarranted and unreasonable punishment, my post-war life became a nightmare. It was not so much due to the pain and suffering as it was the tension of stress and humiliation that caused me to hate with a vengeance.

Under your discipline, my rights, not only as a prisoner of war but also as a human being, were stripped from me. It was a struggle to maintain enough dignity and hope to live until the war’s end.

The post-war nightmares caused my life to crumble, but thanks to a confrontation with God through the evangelist Billy Graham, I committed my life to Christ. Love has replaced the hate I had for you. Christ said, “Forgive your enemies and pray for them.”

As you probably know, I returned to Japan in 1952 and was graciously allowed to address all the Japanese war criminals at Sugamo Prison… I asked then about you, and was told that you probably had committed Hara Kiri, which I was sad to hear. At that moment, like the others, I also forgave you and now would hope that you would also become a Christian. 6

Such radical forgiveness is made possibly by an overwhelming sense of Christ’s love and forgiveness for us.

More than just a tale of courage and resilience, Louis Zamperini’s life is a powerful look at the transforming grace of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new.

2 Corinthians 5:17


1 Taken from an interview conducted in June 1988 titled An Olympian’s Oral History, page 82.

2 An Olympian’s Oral History, page 83.
3 Interview with Louis Zamperini by Dr. Lois Ferm on May 16, 1976. Audio and transcript available here.
4 This quote and a story about Louis’ conversion can be viewed in this newspaper clipping from November 1, 1949.
5 An Olympian’s Oral History, page 89.
6 Watch Louis read his letter to Watanabe in this video.

Learn More:

This short documentary put together by the Billy Graham foundation recounts some of Louis’ incredible story in his own words and sheds light on the part of Zamperini’s life not covered in the film: Louis Zamperini – Captured by Grace.

Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption (Biography)

Devil at My Heels: A Heroic Olympian’s Astonishing Story of Survival as a Japanese POW in World War II (Autobiography written by Louis Zamperini)

Archive Video of Louis Zamperini Testimony at 1958 San Francisco Billy Graham Crusade (YouTube)

Interview with Louis Zamperini by Dr. Lois Ferm on May 16, 1976 (Audio)

“Unbroken’s” Louis Zamperini: The Rest of the Story (YouTube)

https://reasonabletheology.org/the-rest-of-the-story-louis-zamperini-after-unbroken/


Unbroken | A True World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption


Simple things you Should do for your Marriage to Work

Tips That Make A Marriage Last A Lifetime

We all know that after the honeymoon, reality begins to sink in and things can easily take a wrong turn if not well handled. Marriage does require hard work and patience. It requires team work and intention to get things moving towards the right direction. The intentions to make the marriage work for the rest of your lives should be unanimous. Let’s take a look at some of the simple things you should do for your marriage to work:

Don’t Try to Change your Partner:

Most couples get smitten by what they see at the beginning of a relationship that they miss out on the important things that can actually ruin their relationship later on. They get caught up on the positive things about their partner and totally ignore the negative side. The truth is, when those negative traits begin to emerge more often, it becomes unbearable. You might think that you will change your partner and get rid of the things you dislike about them. That’s where problems begin because you cannot change the other person. You can encourage them into changing, but the decision to actually change lies entirely in an individual.

I’ve heard women complaining about their husbands habits, I’m sure they had noticed those habits when they dated. Sadly, they choose to ignore them and hoped for some changes once they live together and start a family.  They come and remain as is, unless they decide to change. Those imperfections become part of your life forever once you get married, Don’t start nagging your partner because of imperfections you clearly noticed before you got married. Besides, we all have imperfections, your partner may not tell you but nobody is perfect. If you want to see your partner changed, get down on your knees and pray.

Photo by Sarandy Westfall on unsplash

Know your Spouse:

Once you get married and start living under the same roof with a new housemate. You start to realize that your time and self no longer belongs to you alone which is challenging.  Some people think that going out on a date is not a priority anymore because you see each other everyday. But for a person whose love language is spending quality time together, not being in able to do that outside of the home will make them feel unloved.

People show and feel loved through words of affirmation, giving and receiving gifts, acts of service, physical touch and spending quality time together. You should be familiar with your spouse’s love language. I have a friend who complained about his wife. He said that he took her on a vacation for her birthday, but all she did for his birthday was cook a special dinner. Well, she’s my friend too and had bragged about making him some exotic dishes. She gave her all because that’s her love language, but her husband missed the whole point.

Learn how to Stop an Argument:

I always say that two people living together as one must agree to disagree. Arguments will start and that’s normal, but never go to bed mad at your spouse. At the very beginning of our marriage, my husband and l would  get into heated argument, he likes to hold his peace and doesn’t say much when this happens. He would rather take all the blame just to end the fight. I was never very good at staying calm. Although I’m petite, my adrenaline levels are exaggerated. I guess I’m such a woman {smile}.

I used to go on and on about it until l get a hug, “it took a long time for that to happen”. Not until my husband noticed that when he hugs me everything evaporates. He mastered how to turn off my flares and end an argument. To balance things up, I’ve also learned that he dislikes being nagged so l stay off this female specialty. It is advisable to calmly discuss and solve the issue that started your argument. Don’t just swipe it under the rug because it will resurface. Issues don’t go away by ignoring them, it builds up and becomes significant over time. you can’t make something better unless you get clarification and find resolution.

Work on your Communication Skills:

Compliment your partner as much as you can, communication is not only for sharing problems and negative feelings. Avoiding sharing your issues with others , this includes family members. Sharing your issues might cause more harm than good in your marriage. Don’t vent on social media, the goal is to communicate with your spouse and not build a block. When you start sharing your marital issues with the world, some will laugh behind your back and others will throw you into a deeper hole with their advice.

Make God the Centre of your Marriage:

There’s nothing as peaceful as letting God take full control of your marriage.  Make a point of praying together and for one another. I noticed the tremendous changes that took place in my own marriage, when l quit trying to control things and put everything into the hands of God. If God is in your life, both of you will become better. The fruit of the Holy Spirit, Love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self control will reflect in your lives. All the best in your marriage.

 

Original here

VIDEO Fox News Anchor Opens Up About Life, Faith: ‘I Just Try to be Open to What the Lord May Have’

12-26-2019 by Jenna Browder

Shannon Bream to anchor new Fox News show at 11pm

WASHINGTON – She’s a bright and shining star on Fox News and in her first book, Finding the Bright Side, Shannon Bream opens up about her life, faith, and some of the ups and downs she’s experienced along the way.

Just like many of her guests on Fox News @ Night, Shannon is consistently in the middle of the action with what many would call a dream job.

“I love what I do,” she told CBN News. “It feels like a huge blessing and a gift.”

Shannon sat down with CBN’s Jenna Browder at the Museum of the Bible to talk about her book and how she got to where she is today.

She grew up in Florida going to church and Christian school, eventually choosing Liberty University for college. That’s where she met her husband, Sheldon Bream.

“We had friends who kept trying to put us together,” Shannon explained. “We were always dating other people and we had a friend in common who finally came to me one day and she said, ‘You’re here at this football game. He’s here at this football game. You’re going to meet right now.'”

Beauty Pageants and Law School

While at Liberty, Shannon took the crown as Miss Virginia. She went on to law school at Florida State University and more pageantry, winning the Miss Florida title.

It was around this time Sheldon proposed but not long after their engagement, Shannon writes about what she calls, “The Darkest Cloud,” when doctors diagnosed Sheldon with a brain tumor.

 A Shocking Diagnosis

“To be 24 – and we were engaged and planning our life together – and to get those words, to get that news, it’s totally out of left field and so unexpected,” said Shannon.

The church was a huge support, from diagnosis and surgery to Sheldon’s difficult recovery.

“We would get letters and notes or calls from people, from churches we’d never heard of, never visited, didn’t know anyone there but they said, ‘We heard about your story and we just wanted to let you know that we’re praying for you,'” Shannon tearfully recalled. “As a Christian, it was just so overwhelming to know that there were people who were just the body of Christ that we would never meet.”

Newly married and out of school, Shannon learned quickly law wasn’t for her and started interning at a local news station.

“I eventually decided a few months into that I loved it so much – the police scanners and the breaking news and just the unpredictability of live television – that I decided to kind of take the leap.”

The Road to Fox News

She eventually got hired at the CBS affiliate in Charlotte, North Carolina. After a short stint there, NBC in Washington, DC picked her up. It was at a speaking conference where she met Fox News’ Britt Hume who offered her a job when he learned about her legal background.

It didn’t take long for Shannon to begin moving up at Fox, filling in on the anchor desk and eventually getting her own show.

Another Medical Challenge

One major trial she’s had to deal with is her eyesight.

“Around my 40th birthday, I started to have extraordinary pain in my eyes and it was only happening overnight and I couldn’t figure out what the source was of this but it would literally shoot me out of bed in enormous pain, doubled over,” Shannon explained.

The excruciating pain went on for almost two years before a doctor was able to diagnose her, though he told her there would be no cure.

“I just sat there crying in my car and just saying to the Lord, ‘This is it. This is the end for me. There’s nothing else I can do,'” Shannon said. “And I explain in the book how I’m not someone whoever feels like I’ve audibly heard the voice of God but I felt in my spirit and I heard Him say to me in that moment, ‘I will be with you.’ Not, ‘I’m going to heal you. I’m going to take this away. You’re never going to have this pain again.’ Just, ‘I will be with you.’ And I felt like that promise sustained me and I knew it was true. I knew His presence would be with me despite the fact that there was no cure.”

With that same doctor, Shannon was able to manage the pain and eventually underwent surgery. Today she says her eyes aren’t perfect but they’re about “95 percent better.”

The Decision to Remain Childless

One reoccurring question Shannon says she gets, especially in Christian circles, is about her decision to not have kids. She says she knew early on she didn’t have what she calls “Mom Genes.”

“The Lord creates us all in different ways and gives us all different passions and different paths,” she said, adding that she has many young people in her life but feels her true calling is her career.

As for what’s next, she’s not sure but is keeping an open mind and heart.

“I try to say to myself, this is the season that the Lord has you here. Don’t hold too tightly to it because you don’t know what other adventures or things are coming down the line and I just try to be open to what the Lord may have next.”

https://www1.cbn.com/cbnnews/us/2019/may/fox-news-anchor-opens-up-about-life-faith-i-just-try-to-be-open-to-what-the-lord-may-have-nbsp/

 

Look what happened to the Christians of Bethlehem

Geller Report Staff –  December 25, 2019

The Christian population in the territories controlled by the racist Palestinian Authority are being cleansed. Naturally the world will again give the Palestinian Authority a pass for their grotesque racism and human rights violations.

Related – The Persecution of Christians in the Palestinian Authority

Lies Palestinians tell at Christmas

One fable is that they are trapped in Bethlehem behind walls and checkpoints. Yet the Christian population has fallen dramatically while the Muslim one has increased exponentially! It’s a checkpoint where Christians leave and Muslims enter.

By Israel National News, December 25, 2019:

When Israel relinquished control of Bethlehem to Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Authority as part of the Oslo Accord agreement in 1995, 85% of those living in this then prosperous town were middle class Christians. Business and life were good when it was part of Israel.

By Christmas 2019, Christians are less than 10% of the population in an economically stricken town.

How did this come about?

In 1995, Elias Freij was that the last Christian mayor of Bethlehem. He appealed to Israeli Prime Minister, Yizchak Rabin, not to withdraw from the city as part of the Accords due to his fear for the future of Christians in Bethlehem. Rabin wanted an official and public statement from the mayor to that effect to take to the negotiations. Freij and the church authorities refused Rabin’s request, and the rest is a tragic page in Christian history.

The Palestinian leadership, as usual, blames the security wall for the current situation. They talk of Israel turning Bethlehem into a prison.”

The British artist, Banksy, has advanced his reputation in left-wing circles by promoting propaganda graffiti scrawled on walls throughout Bethlehem. He has even built a hotel in Bethlehem called the Walled-Off Hotel which is full of imagery damaging to Israel such as a nativity scene in front of a section of security wall with a shattered bullet hole which he calls “The Scar of Bethlehem.”

All this propaganda demonizes Israel and projects Palestinian Arabs as “oppressed victims”.

Nowhere in Banksy’s work is there a mention of Palestinian terror, promoted and rewarded by the Palestinian Authority, a prolonged terror campaign that has murdered over a thousand Israelis and made the security barrier a necessity. Nor does he mention the threatening behavior of Palestinian Muslims that has driven out most of the town’s frightened and persecuted Christians.

Today, Christmas 2019, Bethlehem is a once-Christian town, with important churches, holy relics and sanctuaries, but only a few Christians who live in fear not of Israel, but of Muslim Arabs.

The Christians I once knew had businesses such as tourist shops selling olive wood carvings and religious symbols to tourists. They are gone. Their homes and their shops are now occupied by their Muslim former neighbors.

The Palestinians will tell you it’s all Israel’s fault. They are, after all, the perennial victim. It’s become an industry for them. This image sells as well as Banksy’s souvenirs in Bethlehem.

But is this the truth? Not at all.

The Palestinians wanted separation from Israel and when Israel gave it to them, they used the vacated territories to relaunch their terror campaign against Israeli civilians, killing thousands.

In the name of peace, Bethlehem was the sixth town that Israel vacated and left under Palestinian rule following its withdrawal from Jericho, Jenin, Tulkarm, Nablus and Kalkilya.

Initially, there was a free flow of people. Palestinian Arabs worked in Israel. Israelis visited the Arab towns to buy and enjoy the services of the local Arabs. Everything was cheaper than in Israel while wages for Arab workers were higher in Israel and the interchange was buoyant and good for everyone.

Look what happened to the Christians of Bethlehem

Booker T. Washington

 

“The Bible should be read as a daily guide to right living & as a daily incentive to positive Christian service”-BTW

Booker T. Washington, the founder of Tuskegee Institute, delivered an address at Memorial Hall in Columbus, Ohio, May 24, 1900.

The description was recorded in The Booker T. Washington Papers, Vol. 5: 1899-1900, (University of Illinois Press, 1976, p. 543-544):

“Dr. Washington walked on the stage at Memorial Hall with a firm, confident tread, as one sure of his ground.

His shoulders are broad and six feet of stature gives strength and poise to command respect. His hair is close cut and gives him the aspect of a war dog with all its tenacious fighting spirit.

The eyes, however, gleam with kindliness and they temper the appearance of the latent fighting forces … His jaw has the firmness of one who has the courage to stand by his convictions …”

The description of Booker T. Washington continued:

“‘It’s easy to see how that man succeeds,’ whispered a delegate to the Bible students’ conference after looking at the speaker.

John R. Mott, general secretary of the student movement of North America, presided at the afternoon meeting at Memorial Hall …

Mr. Mott announced Dr. Washington’s subject as ‘The Place of the Bible in the Uplifting of the Negro Race.'”

The description ended:

“Dr. Washington began his address after a quartet sang.

He spoke of the 91 Y.M.C.A. Organizations for colored youths; of the 5000 colored men studying the Bible, and of the 640 Bible students at Tuskegee, and pointed these as living examples of the progress of the Negro.

He pleaded for two more secretaries to teach Bible in the South-land.”

(Booker T. Washington is featured in Miracles in American History-Volume TWO)

Booker T. Washington believed that to be great, one should read the Bible, (The Booker T. Washington Papers, Vol. 3: 1889-95, ed., Louis R. Harlan, Univ. of Illinois Press, 1974, p. 93):

“As a rule a person should get into the habit of reading his Bible.

You never read in history of any great man whose influence has been lasting, who has not been a reader of the Bible.

Take Abraham Lincoln and Gladstone. Their lives show that they have been readers of the Bible.

If you wish to properly direct your mind and necessarily your lives, begin by reading the book of all books.

Read your Bible every day, and you will find how healthily you will grow.”

In his address at Memorial Hall in Columbus, Ohio, May 24, 1900, Booker T. Washington stated:

“The men doing the vital things of life are those who read the Bible and are Christians and not ashamed to let the world know it.”

Washington wrote:

“Those who have accomplished the greatest results are those … who never grow excited or lose self-control, but are always calm, self-possessed, patient and polite.”

Booker T. Washington believed a religious life was key to freedom, usefulness and honor, as he wrote in Putting the Most into Life (NY: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., 1906, ch. “Making Religion a Vital Part of Living,” p. 23-25):

“Educated men and women, especially those who are in college, very often get the idea that religion is fit only for the common people. No young man or woman can make a greater error than this …

My observation has taught me that the people who stand for the most in the educational and commercial world and in the uplifting of the people are in some real way connected with the religious life of the people among whom they reside.

This being true we ought to make the most of our religious life …”

Washington continued:

“First the habit of regular attendance at some religious service should be cultivated. This is one of the outward helps toward inward grace …

As you value your spiritual life, see to it that you do not lose the spirit of reverence for the Most High …

Do not mistake denominationalism for reverence and religion. Religion is life, denominationalism is an aid to life.”

He added:

“Systematic reading and prayerful study of the Bible is the second outward help which I would commend to those whom I wish to see make the most of their spiritual life.

Many people regard the Bible as a wonderful piece of literature only …

Nowhere in all literature can be found a finer bit of oratory than St. Paul’s defense before King Agrippa. But praiseworthy as this kind of study is, I do not believe it is sufficient.

The Bible should be read as a daily guide to right living and as a daily incentive to positive Christian service …”

Booker T. Washington went on:

“To live the real religious life is in some measure to share the character of God.

The word ‘atonement,’ which occurs in the Bible again and again, means literally at-one-ment.

To be at one with God is to be like God.

Our real religious striving, then, should be to become one with God, sharing with Him in our poor human way His qualities and attributes.

To do this, we must get the inner life, the heart right, and we shall then become stronger where we have been weak, wise where we have been foolish …”

Washington concluded:

“We must learn to incorporate God’s laws into our thoughts and words and acts.

Frequent reference is made in the Bible to the freedom that comes from being a Christian.

A man is free just in proportion as he learns to live within God’s laws …

As we learn God’s laws and grow into His likeness we shall find our reward in this world in a life of usefulness and honor.

To do this is to have found the kingdom of God, which is the kingdom of character and righteousness and peace.”

Booker T. Washington stated May 24, 1900:

“The Negro who does the shooting is uneducated and without Christian training …

Of all the graduates from Tuskegee Institute only one had been since sentenced to the penitentiary …

So the work today is to make religion the vital part of the Negro’s life.

But this is a stupendous task, as there is a nation of Negros …”

He added:

“Just remember that the Negro came out of Africa a few centuries ago … chains upon his ankles and wrists.

He came out of that … with a hammer and a saw in his hands and a Bible in his hands.

No man can read the Bible and be lazy. Christianity increases a man’s … capacity for labor. The Negro doesn’t run from the Bible, either.”

During Booker T. Washington’s lifetime, Tuskegee Institute grew to 2,000 students and a faculty of 200 teaching 38 trades.

In 1896, Booker T. Washington was awarded an honorary master’s degree from Harvard, the first New England university to confer an honorary degree upon a black man.

Harvard President Charles W. Eliot wrote May 28, 1896:.

“President Booker T. Washington,

My Dear Sir,

Harvard University desires to confer on you at the approaching Commencement an honorary degree; but it is our custom to confer degrees only on gentlemen who are present. Our Commencement occurs this year on June 24, and your presence would be desirable from about noon till about five o’clock in the afternoon. Would it be possible for you to be in Cambridge on that day?

Believe me, with great regard,

Very truly yours,

Charles W. Eliot.”

Dartmouth awarded Booker T. Washington an honorary doctorate in 1901.

In November of 1897, Booker T. Washington arrived at the White House and met President William McKinley. He wrote:

“In a few minutes word came from Mr. McKinley that he would see me. How any man can see so many people … and still keep himself calm, patient, and fresh for each visitor in the way that President McKinley does, I cannot understand.

When I saw the President he kindly thanked me for the work which we were doing at Tuskegee for the interests of the country.

I then told him, briefly, the object of my visit. I impressed upon him the fact that a visit from the Chief Executive of the Nation would not only encourage our students and teachers, but would help the entire race.”

Washington wrote further:

“I went to Washington again and saw him, with a view of getting him to extend his trip to Tuskegee.

On this second visit Mr. Charles W. Hare, a prominent white citizen of Tuskegee, kindly volunteered to accompany me, to reenforce my invitation with one from the white people of Tuskegee and the vicinity …

I saw the President … I perceived that his heart was greatly burdened by reason of these race disturbances.

Although there were many people waiting to see him, he detained me for some time, discussing the condition and prospects of the race.

He remarked several times that he was determined to show his interest and faith in the race, not merely in words, but by acts.”

Washington continued:

“While I was with the President, a white citizen of Atlanta, a Democrat and an ex-slaveholder, came into the room, and the President asked his opinion as to the wisdom of his going to Tuskegee. Without hesitation the Atlanta man replied that it was the proper thing for him to do …

The President promised that he would visit our school on the 16th of December …

When it became known that the President was going to visit our school, the white citizens of the town of Tuskegee — a mile distant from the school — were as much pleased as were our students and teachers.

The white people of the town, including both men and women, began arranging to decorate the town …

I think I never realized before this how much the white people of Tuskegee and vicinity thought of our institution … Dozens of these people came to me and said … if there was anything they could do to help, or to relieve me personally, I had but to intimate it and they would be only too glad to assist …

The thing that touched me almost as deeply as the visit of the President itself was the deep pride which all classes of citizens in Alabama seemed to take in our work.”

Washington continued:

“The morning of December 16th brought to the little city of Tuskegee such a crowd as it had never seen before.

With the President came Mrs. McKinley and all of the Cabinet officers but one; and most of them brought their wives or some members of their families …

There was also a host of newspaper correspondents. The Alabama Legislature was in session at Montgomery at this time. This body passed a resolution to adjourn for the purpose of visiting Tuskegee …

The citizens of Tuskegee had decorated the town from the station to the school in a generous manner. In order to economize in the matter of time, we arranged to have the whole school pass in review before the President.

Each student carried a stalk of sugar-cane with some open bolls of cotton fastened to the end of it. Following the students the work of all departments of the school passed in review, displayed on ‘floats’ drawn by horses, mules, and oxen …

In his address in our large, new chapel, which the students had recently completed, the President said:

“Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute is ideal in its conception, and has already a large and growing reputation in the country, and is not unknown abroad.

I congratulate all who are associated in this undertaking for the good work which it is doing in the education of its students to lead lives of honor and usefulness, thus exalting the race for which it was established …

To speak of Tuskegee without paying special tribute to Booker T. Washington’s genius and perseverance would be impossible.

The inception of this noble enterprise was his, and he deserves high credit for it. His was the enthusiasm and enterprise which made its steady progress possible and established in the institution its present high standard of accomplishment.

He has won a worthy reputation as one of the great leaders of his race, widely known and much respected at home and abroad as an accomplished educator, a great orator, and a true philanthropist.”

Secretary of the Navy John D. Long then spoke in honor of Booker T. Washington at Tuskegee:

“I cannot make a speech to-day. My heart is too full-full of hope, admiration, and pride for my countrymen of both sections and both colors.

I am filled with gratitude and admiration for your work, and from this time forward I shall have absolute confidence in your progress and in the solution of the problem in which you are engaged. The problem, I say, has been solved …”

Long continued:

“A picture has been presented to-day which should be put upon canvas with the pictures of Washington and Lincoln, and transmitted to future time and generations – a picture which the press of the country should spread broadcast over the land, a most dramatic picture, and that picture is this:

‘The President of the United States standing on this platform; on one side the Governor of Alabama, on the other, completing the trinity, a representative of a race only a few years ago in bondage, the colored President of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute.'”

Secretary of the Navy John D. Long concluded:

“God bless the President under whose majesty such a scene as that is presented to the American people.

God bless the state of Alabama, which is showing that it can deal with this problem for itself.

God bless the orator, philanthropist, and disciple of the Great Master — who, if he were on earth, would be doing the same work — Booker T. Washington.”

Secretary of the Navy John D. Long wrote to his wife, Agnes Pierce Long, during the Spanish-American War, October 9, 1898:

“The Tenth Regular Infantry … is composed, with the exception of the officers, entirely of colored men. It is one of the regiments which did the very best work in the Santiago campaign, and no soldiers fought better …

They marched with a easy light step; they had the faces of their race. It was a great day for them and for the colored people who cheered them on the way …

I could not help thinking of this race a few years ago in slavery and today freemen and citizens.

How barbarous seems the color discrimination, when in every walk of life they are making the same progress as the white man; when their Booker T. Washington is, perhaps, the finest orator in the country and these troops the best fighting soldiers of the war.”

Booker T. Washington spoke from New Hampshire to California, Minnesota to Florida.

In 1899, he and his wife traveled to Europe, where they met many dignitaries, including being honored by an invitation to Windsor Castle in England for tea with Queen Victoria.

Booker T. Washington wrote in his autobiography Up From Slavery (1901):

“Through the kindness of Lady Aberdeen, my wife and I were enabled … to see Queen Victoria, at Windsor Castle, where, afterward, we were all the guests of her Majesty at tea.

In our party was Miss Susan B. Anthony, and I was deeply impressed with the fact that one did not often get an opportunity to see, during the same hour, two women so remarkable in different ways as Susan B. Anthony and Queen Victoria.”

Ten years before the U.S. Chamber of Commerce was formed, Booker T. Washington founded the National Negro Business League in 1900, growing it to 600 chapters.

Harvard President Charles W. Eliot spoke at Tuskegee’s 25th anniversary in 1906, stating:

“By 1905, Tuskegee produced more self-made millionaires than Harvard, Yale and Princeton combined.”

Booker T. Washington stated:

“Anyone can seek a job, but it requires a person of rare ability to create a job …

What we should do in our schools is to turn out fewer job seekers and more job creators.”

Visitors came to Tuskegee from 16 countries, including Africa, India, China, Japan, Poland and Russia.

Booker T. Washington sent Tuskegee graduates to Liberia, West Africa.

He even sent his personal envoy, Emmitt Scott, to discourage France from annexing Liberia, helping to preserve Liberia’s independence.

Booker T. Washington was the first African American to have his image on a U.S. postage stamp, 1940.

In 1945, he was the first African American elected to the Hall of Fame, and in 1946, his image was placed on a U.S. Coin.

To the protests of some Democrats, Republican President Theodore Roosevelt had Booker T. Washington as an honored guest for dinner at the White House, October 16, 1901.

The Southern Democrat newspaper The Memphis Scimitar printed:

“The most damnable outrage which has ever been perpetrated by any citizen of the United States was committed yesterday by the President, when he invited a n—– to dine with him at the White House.

It would not be worth more than a passing notice if Theodore Roosevelt had sat down to dinner in his own home with a Pullman car porter, but Roosevelt the individual and Roosevelt the President are not to be viewed in the same light.”

The next President, Republican William Howard Taft met with Booker T. Washington.

Widowed twice, his third wife outlived him.

He had one daughter, Portia, and two sons, Booker T. Washington Jr. and Ernest Davidson Washington.

When Booker T. Washington died on NOVEMBER 14, 1915, industrialist Andrew Carnegie stated:

“I mourn with you today as one who shares your sorrow. America has lost one of her best and greatest citizens. History is to tell of two Washingtons.

One the leader of his country and the other the leader of his race.”

After Booker T. Washington’s death, Republican Vice-President Calvin Coolidge traveled to Tuskegee in 1923.

He met with Robert Russa Moton, who succeeded Booker T. Washington as the principal of Tuskegee Institute.

After becoming President of the United States, Calvin Coolidge received Robert Russa Moton at a meeting in the White House in 1924.

Robert Russa Moton went on to be an advisor to five U.S. Presidents.

Booker T. Washington stated:

“If you want to lift yourself up, lift up someone else.”

(Booker T. Washington is featured in Miracles in American History-Vol. TWO: Amazing Faith that Shaped the Nation)

https://newsmaven.io/americanminute/american-history/booker-t-washington-GHY7aIXktk24xvh0YY7C-g/

Cops threaten woman for filming traffic problems at U.S. mosque

‘Another example of the encroachment on our liberties when Islam is involved’

Nov 24, 2019

(Image courtesy Pixabay)

Some big new operation opens in a closed high school in a residential neighborhood and there are traffic problems, conflicts over the use of a public park and late-night events disturbing the peace.

No response from the city to citizen complaints.

So one resident starts videoing various violations, including traffic offenses.

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And the result? Police threaten her with a charge of harassment.

It’s because the suspected violators — individuals connected to the Islamic Al Farooq Mosque and youth center in Bloomington, Minnesota — said they didn’t like being recorded.

The American Freedom Law Center has filed a lawsuit against Bloomington, Minnesota, on behalf of resident Sally Ness.

It alleges that the city, two officers and the Hennepin County attorney have violated her rights under the First and 14th Amendments by “threatening to enforce local and state laws against her for filming public information exposing various zoning and other violations committed by a local mosque and its associated school.”

Robert Muise, who co-founded AFLC, said the First Amendment “fully protects our client’s right to gather information through photographing and videotaping. And this is particularly the case here because she is filming public matters related to a public controversy.”

“As the courts have explained,” he said, “the right to freedom of speech includes not only the actual expression of one’s views, thoughts, opinions, and other information concerning matters of public interest, but also non-expressive conduct that intrinsically facilitates one’s ability to exercise free speech rights, including efforts to gather evidence and information by photographing and videotaping. Here, the city and county seek to make a crime out of what under the Constitution cannot be a crime. Their threats of prosecution are aimed directly at activity protected by the First Amendment.”

Ness has been capturing on video “zoning and other violations” by the mosque for several years.

Just months ago, police officers warned she could be charged with a crime.

According to police reports, “Ness was advised that she could be charged with harassment if the parents and principal felt intimidated by her actions.”

City officials followed up by adopting an ordinance that “no person shall intentionally take a photograph or otherwise record a child without the consent of the child’s parent or guardian.”

AFLC said that because Ness “seeks to expose, among other violations, DAF’s and the Success Academy’s noncompliant and overuse of a local city park – a park in her neighborhood that she would often attempt to use with her grandchildren – her information gathering efforts include, quite necessarily, photographing and videotaping the use of the public park by children associated with DAF and the Success Academy.”

“Additionally, Ness has taken pictures of students being dropped off to Success Academy and weekend school to document the noncompliant number of students attending the schools and the unsafe and noncompliant drop off conditions. There is no doubt that this newly minted and unusual city ordinance was directed at her,” the legal team said.

David Yerushalmi, senior counsel for AFLC, said: “If you publicly criticize Islam, it is called ‘hate speech.’ If you exercise your First Amendment right to collect evidence of a mosque violating zoning and other laws via photographing and videotaping and expose this evidence to the public, you can be prosecuted for ‘harassment.’ This case is another example of the encroachment on our liberties when Islam is involved.”

The lawsuit seeks a declaration that the Minnesota harassment statute and the city’s new anti-filming ordinance are unconstitutional.

“Defendants have deprived Plaintiff Ness of her right to freedom of speech in violation of the First Amendment as applied to the states and their political subdivisions under the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution,” states the complaint.

The defendants have “injured Plaintiff Ness in a way likely to chill a person of ordinary firmness from further participation in her free speech activity.”

The lawyers argued to the court, “Filming in a public forum information for public dissemination regarding the DAF/Success Academy controversy is fully protected by the First Amendment.”

They said the way the law is written and being applied, “empowers DAF and Success Academy patrons (hecklers) to veto the exercise of Plaintiff Ness’s First Amendment rights by claiming that they feel threatened by the exercise of those rights.”

 

Original here